The AEG KAL portable ticket machine
This is a small ticket machine nicknamed the Mini-AEG. It was used by the Dutch national railways in the early 1970s. It could be attached to a stand for use at a ticket kiosk, or could be hung on a shoulder strap for use by a bus or train conductor. The ticket details are set using the input pins at the front of the machine, and then a turn of the crank on the side will print a ticket which exits the top of the machine.
The machine number is shown on the top of the machine (6643) and this is printed very small and sideways on every ticket. On the bottom of the machine are two windows, one showing a 7-digit register of the total value of all tickets, and the other a 5-digit counter of the total number of tickets. The last four digits of the latter is printed on the ticket.
If you tilt the metal button on top of the machine, the top cover is unlocked and hinges open. The paper roll can be easily be refilled. There is also a locked cartridge containing a second paper roll. For every ticket that is printed, a copy is printed on the second roll. This cartridge is held in a metal frame that can hinge outwards, and then you can slide it out and replace it with a fresh one. The locked cartridges could be emptied at and refilled in the central office. Hidden below the cartridge frame is the ink roller, which can be removed by pulling a metal tab. The metal printing cylinder is also visible. On the left is a yellow plastic stylus in a holder. The stylus can be used to turn the date wheels on the printing cylinder to set the correct date at the start of the day.
The print on a ticket consists of four parts:
The input levers are as follows, from left to right:
The Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG) was a German company that was founded in 1883 in Berlin, and which made many electrical goods, from white goods to electric train locomotives. There were many different subsidiary companies to cater for different types of products. For example, Olympia Büromaschinenwerke was their subsidiary that made typewriters and adding machines. To complement their involvement in electric trains and trams, there was a subsidiary AEG Fahrkartendrucker GMBH which made many kinds of ticket machines, from large self-service machines in the station halls, machines for use in kiosks, and portable ones for use by conductors. This subsidiary was set up in the 1930s, based in Hennigsdorf, but after the war it was restarted in Kassel, West Germany, in the factory building where Junker aeroplane engines used to be built.
The ticket machines that AEG Fahrkartendrucker made were very succesfull all over Europe. The national railways of the Netherlands started to use AEG's large ticket printing machines in their major stations in the 1950s. These machines printed thick cardboard tickets. Smaller stations generally used pre-printed tickets in most cases, and else had to write out tickets by hand. Conductors would also issue hand-written tickets. To cater for this AEG developed a portable ticket machine, the KAL machine. These were popular in Germany itself, and also came into use in the Netherlands in about 1972.
AEG - Plaatskaarten Apparaat - Handleiding voor het gebruik en Voorschrift afgifte (PDF, 25.6 MB or archive.org)
44 page comb-bound book
155mm × 210mm × 7mm
This book contains two manuals that the Dutch railways provided for users of the mini-AEG. The first 13 pages, Handleiding voor het gebruik, is the user's manual of the machine itself. The second part, Voorschrift afgifte en verantwoording AEG-Plaatsbewijzen, is 31 pages and explains the duties and responsibilities for handling tickets, the collected fares, and the administration thereof.
Bedieningsinstructie Mini-AEG (PDF, 3.41 MB or archive.org)
8 page stapled booklet
149mm × 210mm
Single page forms
209mm × 296mm
These are forms used for recording the issued tickets and fares collected during a shift. Some forms have the name of the station already pre-filled.
Here are a few mentions of the mini-AEG and its train tickets in Dutch newspapers.
|Patent||Filing date||Publish date||Name||Description|
|DE 835,077||02-10-1948||02-08-191||Fritz Haseloff; Licentia GmbH||Control cartridge with locking mechanism
See also: GB 714,161; US 2,822,751.
|DE 1,137,583||11-07-1958||04-10-1962||Fritz Haseloff; Licentia GmbH||Portable ticket machine|
|DE 1,202,041||02-01-1959||30-09-1965||Ernst Wittkowsky; Licentia GmbH||Portable ticket machine with input pins
See also: GB 887,612.
|DE 1,276,384||19-07-1960||29-08-1968||Fritz Haseloff; Licentia GmbH||Portable ticket machine with settable and fixed digits|
|DE 1,774,297||18-05-1968||16-12-1971||Fritz Haseloff; Licentia GmbH||Portable ticket machine with control cartridge|
|DE 1,922,326||02-05-1969||12-11-1970||Fritz Haseloff; Licentia GmbH||Portable ticket machine with detection of end of paper|
|DE 7,117,047 U||03-05-1971||12-06-1974||Licentia GmbH||Control cartridge|
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