Jaap's Mechanical Calculators Page

Burroughs Manuals, Books, and Tables

Burroughs Manuals
Tables
Books by others

Burroughs also published many books which were intended for advertising and promotion. Those books are not included on this page, but can be found in the Advertisements, brochures, and sales leaflets section of the main Burroughs page.


Burroughs Manuals

Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book
Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.
Copyright 1907
146 page book
152mm × 228mm × 7mm
Form 45A

This book is intended for Burroughs machine inspectors, and contains illustrations of all the parts of the Burroughs adding-listing machines, with their part numbers, and brief instructions on how to replace them. The part numbers are split in blocks of 100, each block reserved for a particular section of the machine and its optional attachments:

Section 100: Rear shaft and its connections (connects handle and register)
Section 200: Keyboard and its connections
Section 300: Operating handle and its connections
Section 400: Carrying mechanism
Section 500: Ribbon feed mechanism
Section 600: Centre shaft and its connections (type at rear, notched arms driving register)
Section 700: Mechanism for striking gtype
Section 800: Section near base centre (includes dash pot for controlling speed of the machine)
Section 900: Accumulator
Section 1000: Base and sides
Section 1200: Clear signal
Section 1300: Spit and normal device
Section 1400: Interlock between total button and operating handle
Section 1500: 10¼-inch printing carriage
Section 1600: Item counter
Section 1700: 12¼-inch positive feed carriage
Section 2000: Metal tube stand

Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, front cover
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, title page
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, introduction
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, unpacking
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, keyboard
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, operating handle parts
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, register
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, style 7
Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book, back cover


Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine Non-Listing
Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.
Copyright 1911
96 page book
132mm × 197mm × 6mm
Form 1111A

This is a user manual for the Burroughs Calculator (shoebox model). It covers the four basic arithmetic operations, fractions, discounts, interest, British currency, as well as basic maintenance. It also describes some other Burroughs machines, and lists all the Burroughs offices in the US and Canada.

Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, front cover
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, title page
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, table of contents
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, introduction 1
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, introduction 2
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, keyboard
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, addition
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, subtraction
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, fractions
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, care
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, listing machines 1
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, listing machines 2
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine, index


Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machines
Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.
Copyright 1911
96 page book
132mm × 196mm × 7mm

This is a user manual for the Burroughs Adding Listing machines. It covers the installation, basic operation, and care of the machine, as well as subtraction, multiplication, division, invoices, discounts, and interest calculations. It also lists the available models, and all the Burroughs offices in the US and Canada.

Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, front cover
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, copyright and introduction
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, table of contents
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, electric drive
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, London office, guaranty
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, publications
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, post card 1
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, post card 2
Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machine, back cover


Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Alex Wibel, Stockholm
Copyright 1913
80 page book
133mm × 207mm × 5mm

This is the Swedish version of the user manual for Burroughs Adding Listing machines. It covers most of the same topics. The list of available models now also includes the Burroughs-Pike machine and the Burroughs Calculator (shoebox model). At the end there are 9 pages listing all the companies in Sweden who use Burroughs machines and how many they have.

Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin
Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin


Burroughs Calculating Machine Course Part One, 4th Edition
Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit
Copyright 1923
96 page book
210mm × 274mm × 11mm
Form 271

This is a course book. It opens vertically, and the leaves are only printed on one side. There are 90 lessons and 5 examinations, each one on a single page. It is somewhat similar to the Comptometer Course in Business Arithmetic from a few years later. The code on the last page indicates it was printed in September 1924, though its copyright year is 1923.

Burroughs Calculating Machine Course, Part One
Burroughs Calculating Machine Course, Part One
Burroughs Calculating Machine Course, Part One
Burroughs Calculating Machine Course, Part One
Burroughs Calculating Machine Course, Part One


Burroughs Instruction Book Class 2 Machines    (PDF, 8.13 MB or archive.org)
Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit
1928
30 page stapled booklet
210mm × 274mm
Form 3702

This booklet is a training manual for how to repair and service the class 2 Burroughs adding machine. The staples have been removed and the pages perforated so they could be stored in a binder. Unfortunately the 16 pages in the middle have gone missing.

Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines


Burroughs Instruction Book Class 3 Machines    (PDF, 19.3 MB or archive.org)
Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit
1927
32 page stapled booklet
190mm × 254mm
Form 3714

This booklet is a training manual for how to repair and service the class 3 Burroughs adding machine. The staples have been removed and the pages perforated so they could be stored in a binder. It is in very poor condition, especially the cover page, but complete.

Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines
Burroughs Instruction Book - Class 2 Machines


Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator    (PDF, 10.8 MB or archive.org)
Burroughs Adding Machine Company
Copyright 1928
31 page stapled booklet
213mm × 273mm × 3mm
Form 1-78-5

This booklet is a manual for the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, as well as a few other things such as prorating and lumber calculations. The code on the back cover suggests that it was printed in November 1928.

Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, front cover
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, first page
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, models
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, fingering
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, lumber
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, back cover


Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator    (PDF, 26.0 MB or archive.org)
Burroughs Adding Machine Company
Copyright 1943
36 page stapled booklet
213mm × 273mm × 3mm
Form C 2027

This is the 1943 edition of the instruction manual above. It has expanded a little to include a nice overview of all versions of the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, and briefly mentions how to use the Duplex calculator. The code on the back cover suggests that it was printed in March 1945.

Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, front cover
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, first page
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, contents
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, models 1
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, models 2
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, models 3
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, fingering
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, tables
Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator, back cover


Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator    (PDF, 19.4 MB or archive.org)
Société Anonyme Burroughs
Copyright 1929
31 page stapled booklet
218mm × 274mm × 3mm

This booklet is the French version of the manual for the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, calculate interest, reciprocals, and percentages.

Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, front cover
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, inside front cover
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, touch system
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, table of contents
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, multiplication
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, Burroughs Calculator 1
Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator, Burroughs Calculator 2


Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator
Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.
Copyright 1929
254 page comb bound book
222mm × 288mm × 22mm
Form 505

This is a course book for the Burroughs Calculator. It is very similar to Felt & Tarrant's The Comptometer Course in Business Arithmetic in size and scope, and also opens vertically. The pages with exam questions are perforated, allowing them to be removed and handed in for marking. It has 254 pages covering 226 lessons.
Although its copyright year is 1929, it seems that the pages listing the available calculator models are from about 1934-1936.

Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, front cover
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, title page
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, table of contents
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, preface
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, calculator models 1
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, calculator models 2
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, using the machine
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, division
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, business lessons
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, square root
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, back cover
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, ring binding
Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator, spine


Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator    (PDF, 27.3 MB or archive.org)
Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.
Printed May 1941
40 page stapled book
214mm × 278mm × 3mm

This book contains the answers for all the lessons in the Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator above. It has no copyright year, but according to the code number on the back cover it was printed in May 1941. The original owner has written their name ("Ruth Royer") on the front and on the side.

Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, front cover
Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, to the teacher
Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, page 7
Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, page 39, examinations
Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, page 40, examinations
Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator, back cover


Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts Burroughs Electric Two-Total Calculator
Burroughs Corporation; Detroit, Michigan
Printed April 1954
72 page comb-bound book
219mm × 280mm × 5mm

This book consists of two parts - 16 pages with Practice problems, followed by 50 pages of calculation short cuts. There are a few pages with adverts in between.

Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts
Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts
Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts
Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts
Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts
Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts



Tables

Like Felt & Tarrant, Burroughs also printed several small tables to help the operator with common calculations. Such tables were usually printed on thick cardboard for durability.

Calculating Short Cuts    (PDF, 11.7 MB)
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
1940?
12 page stapled booklet
219mm × 242mm × 3mm

This booklet opens vertically, and contains a set of tables for use with the calculator. These tables were also available separately on cardboard. There is no copyright year, but on the corner of the first page someone has pencilled the date 5/4/40, so presumably it was first acquired then, although it may well have been printed 10 years earlier. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs Adding Machine Company.

Calculating Short Cuts, front cover
Calculating Short Cuts, title page
Calculating Short Cuts, pence as decimals of a pound


Decimal Equivalent Tables for Calculator Machine Operators
Burroughs Calculator Division, Burroughs Adding Machine Company
1944
54 page ringbound book
225mm × 279mm × 10mm

This is a ringbound collection of tables. The size, colour, and thickness of the cardboard varies - some are on thick yellow cardboard while others are on sturdy white paper; some fold out, while others are half the size of the cover. Some also have additional perforations different to that used by the ring binding. It is clear that most of these tables were available separately. The cover is quite badly torn, because it is much thinner paper than that of most of the tables themselves, and it has the name "Nellie Erhardt" written on it.
Included is an envelope containing some narrow tables that fit in the area to the left of the keyboard of the calculator, as well as a divider strip to split the keyboard into two regions.

Here is a list of all the tables in this collection with their form numbers:

C 1019   Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gallon (for on keyboard)
C 1021   Net Amount after Discounts
C 1022   Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gross
C 1023   Reciprocals, or Multiplying Equivalents for Dividing
C 1025   Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions (for on keyboard)
C 1027   Computing Interest, 360 days per year
C 1028   Turnover Table
C 1030   Chain Discounts
C 1031   Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions
C 1032   Mark-up Table
C 1033   Months and Days Expressed in Decimal Equivalents of a Year, 360 days per year
C 1034   Grain Tables - Reducing Pounds to Decimal Parts of a Bushel
C 1035   Payroll Tale
C 1036   Reciprocals of hours
C 1037   Overtime Earnings Table
C 1048   Decimal Equivalents of 12ths, 24ths, 48ths; 13ths, 26ths, 52nds.
C 1049   Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions (for on keyboard)
C 1050   Calculator Column Divider
C 1051   Oats - Prices per Cwt.
C 1052   Unit Cost and Seling Price Tables
C 1054   Daily Overtime Earnings Table
C 1059   Decimal Equivalents for Fractional Parts of a Gross Ton
C 1063   Lumber Table
C 1071   Corn, Rye, or Flax - Prices per Cwt.
C 1072   Wheat - Prices per Cwt.
C 1073   Computing Interest, 365 days per year
C 1078   Overtime Earnings Table
C 1081   Decimal of a Pound Sterling for Shillings and Pence

Decimal Equivalent Tables, front cover
Decimal Equivalent Tables, envelope and first table
Decimal Equivalent Tables, envelope
Decimal Equivalent Tables, keyboard tables, front
Decimal Equivalent Tables, keyboard tables, back
Decimal Equivalent Tables, reciprocals
Decimal Equivalent Tables, common fractions table
Decimal Equivalent Tables, overtime earnings table fold-out
Decimal Equivalent Tables, lumber table, perforated
Decimal Equivalent Tables, fractional parts of a gross
Decimal Equivalent Tables, unit costs and selling price
Decimal Equivalent Tables, interest table
Decimal Equivalent Tables, grain table
Decimal Equivalent Tables, decimal of a pound sterling for shillings and pence
Decimal Equivalent Tables, back cover


Decimal Equivalent Charts
Burroughs Adding Machine Company
1948
Envelope with loose tables
282mm × 223mm × 6mm

This envelope contains a collection of loose tables. The size of the tables varies - some are so large that they fold out. Some also have perforations for storing in a binder. It is clear that most of these tables were available separately. The envelope has the name "Nola McKenzie" written on it.

Here is a list of all the tables in this collection with their form numbers:

C 4051   Fixed Decimal Point Multiplication
C 4052   Discount
C 4053   Mixed Item Extensions Requiring Division

C 1022   Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gross
C 1031   Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions
C 1034   Grain Tables - Reducing Pounds to Decimal Parts of a Bushel
C 1037   Overtime Earnings Table
C 1048   Decimal Equivalents of 12ths, 24ths, 48ths; 13ths, 26ths, 52nds.
C 1051   Oats - Prices per Cwt.
C 1063   Lumber Table
C 1071   Corn, Rye, or Flax - Prices per Cwt.
C 1072   Wheat - Prices per Cwt.
C 1078   Overtime Earnings Table
C 1118   Reciprocals of Hours in Tenths of Hours
C 1147   Withholding Tax Table - Biweekly, Monthly
C 1146   Withholding Tax Table - Weekly, Semimonthly
TA 1041   Temperature Correlation Table for Petroleum Oils

Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts
Decimal Equivalent Charts


Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions A useful chart issued for the convenience of operators of Burroughs Calculators.
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
Form 3853-1
1929
216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 1.29 after the form number suggests it was printed in January 1929. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

Common Fractions card
Common Fractions card


Decimal Equivalents of a Gross
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
Form 3853-3
1925
216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 12.25 after the form number suggests it was printed in December 1925. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

Decimal Equivalents of a Gross card
Decimal Equivalents of a Gross card


Pence and 1/8 and 1/16 as Decimals of a £
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
Form 3853-10
1925
216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 12.25 after the form number suggests it was printed in December 1925. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

Pence as Decimals of a Pound card
Pence as Decimals of a Pound card


Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of One Cwt.
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
Form 3853-6
1925
216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 12.25 after the form number suggests it was printed in December 1925. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of One Cwt card
Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of One Cwt card


Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of a Ton
Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.
Form 3853-4
1926
216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 10.26 after the form number suggests it was printed in October 1926. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of a Ton card
Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of a Ton card



Books by others

Comptometer Course
By Madge Warner
Published by Wilson's Modern Business College, 2003 Fifth Avenue, Seattle, Washington.
Copyright 1937
58 page staple bound book
228mm × 288mm × 8mm

As the Burroughs Calculator and the Comptometer are so similar, there were many third party course books such as this one that deal with both at the same time. It is similar to the Manual of Instruction course book above, also opens vertically, but is printed on only one side. It has 54 pages covering 51 lessons, but there are also 4 loose pages inserted at the back covering lesson 117.
The front of this course book has been signed with the student's name, Eileen Powell.

Comptometer Course
Comptometer Course, page 1
Comptometer Course, page 2
Comptometer Course, page 43


How to Use the Calculator and the Comptometer    (PDF, 50.1 MB or archive.org)
By James R. Meehan
Published by Gregg Publishing Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.
Copyright 1940, 1947, 1952
Third Edition
128 page stapled book
217mm × 280mm × 7mm

This is another course book for both the Comptometer and the Burroughs Calculator. It consists of 40 lessons, with an emphasis on addition, but also covers subtraction, multiplication and division. Its pages have perforations, so that when the answers to an exercise are filled in, it can be torn out and handed in to the teacher. This may make this book somewhat rare to find despite having been very widely used. There were five editions - 1940, 1947, 1952 (shown here), 1959, and 1964.

How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Front cover
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Title Page
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Copyright
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Preface
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Preface
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Contents
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Introduction
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Introduction
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Page 35
How to Use the Calculator and Comptometer, Page 117


Key-Driven Calculator Course
By Raymond Charles Goodfellow and Peter Lawrence Agnew
Published by South-Western Publishing Company
Copyright 1942
Second Edition
167 page book
213mm × 272mm × 9mm

This is also a course book for both the Comptometer and the Burroughs Calculator, and it contains 59 jobs. As with Meehan's book above, its pages are designed to be filled in and torn out as they have perforations near the spine, and this may make it somewhat rare to find this book intact. Shown here is the second edition from 1942, but the 1949 third edition follows below.

Key-Driven Calculator Course, Front cover
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Title Page
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Foreword
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Contents
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Job 1
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Job 4


Key-Driven Calculator Course for the Burroughs Calculator and Comptometer
By Raymond Charles Goodfellow and Peter Lawrence Agnew
Published by South-Western Publishing Company
Copyright 1949
Third Edition
158 page ringbound book
281mm × 210mm × 8mm

This third edition has virtually the same contents as the second edition above, but it is laid out differently because the book is now spiral bound and of a different format. Each page page has a vertical perforation at about one third of the way along. The inner third of the page contains an explanation of a job, and the detachable two-thirds has the job itself with spaces where the answers can be filled in. There was a fourth edition of this book in 1962, and also a sequel, the "Advanced Key-Driven Calculator Course" by Peter Lawrence Agnew and Mary Margaret Brady in 1958.

Key-Driven Calculator Course, Front cover
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Title Page
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Foreword
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Job 1
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Job 1
Key-Driven Calculator Course, Job 1



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