Burroughs Manuals

Tables

Books by others

Burroughs also published many books which were intended for advertising and promotion. Those books are not included on this page, but can be found in the Advertisements, brochures, and sales leaflets section of the main Burroughs page.

**Burroughs Mechanical Instruction Book**

Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Copyright 1907

146 page book

152mm × 228mm × 7mm

Form 45A

This book is intended for Burroughs machine inspectors, and contains illustrations of all the parts of the Burroughs adding-listing machines, with their part numbers, and brief instructions on how to replace them. The part numbers are split in blocks of 100, each block reserved for a particular section of the machine and its optional attachments:

Section 100: Rear shaft and its connections (connects handle and register)

Section 200: Keyboard and its connections

Section 300: Operating handle and its connections

Section 400: Carrying mechanism

Section 500: Ribbon feed mechanism

Section 600: Centre shaft and its connections (type at rear, notched arms driving register)

Section 700: Mechanism for striking gtype

Section 800: Section near base centre (includes dash pot for controlling speed of the machine)

Section 900: Accumulator

Section 1000: Base and sides

Section 1200: Clear signal

Section 1300: Spit and normal device

Section 1400: Interlock between total button and operating handle

Section 1500: 10¼-inch printing carriage

Section 1600: Item counter

Section 1700: 12¼-inch positive feed carriage

Section 2000: Metal tube stand

**Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Calculating Machine** Non-Listing

Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Copyright 1911

96 page book

132mm × 197mm × 6mm

Form 1111A

This is a user manual for the Burroughs Calculator (shoebox model). It covers the four basic arithmetic operations, fractions, discounts, interest, British currency, as well as basic maintenance. It also describes some other Burroughs machines, and lists all the Burroughs offices in the US and Canada.

**Handbook of Instruction for Operators of the Burroughs Adding and Listing Machines**

Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Copyright 1911

96 page book

132mm × 196mm × 7mm

This is a user manual for the Burroughs Adding Listing machines. It covers the installation, basic operation, and care of the machine, as well as subtraction, multiplication, division, invoices, discounts, and interest calculations. It also lists the available models, and all the Burroughs offices in the US and Canada.

**Handbok och instruktion för användningen af Burroughs Själfskrifvande additionsmaskin**

Alex Wibel, Stockholm

Copyright 1913

80 page book

133mm × 207mm × 5mm

This is the Swedish version of the user manual for Burroughs Adding Listing machines. It covers most of the same topics. The list of available models now also includes the Burroughs-Pike machine and the Burroughs Calculator (shoebox model). At the end there are 9 pages listing all the companies in Sweden who use Burroughs machines and how many they have.

**Burroughs Calculating Machine Course** Part One, 4th Edition

Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit

Copyright 1923

96 page book

210mm × 274mm × 11mm

Form 271

This is a course book. It opens vertically, and the leaves are only printed on one side. There are 90 lessons and 5 examinations, each one on a single page. It is somewhat similar to the Comptometer Course in Business Arithmetic from a few years later. The code on the last page indicates it was printed in September 1924, though its copyright year is 1923.

**Burroughs Instruction Book** Class 2 Machines (PDF, 8.13 MB or archive.org)

Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit

1928

30 page stapled booklet

210mm × 274mm

Form 3702

This booklet is a training manual for how to repair and service the class 2 Burroughs adding machine. The staples have been removed and the pages perforated so they could be stored in a binder. Unfortunately the 16 pages in the middle have gone missing.

**Burroughs Instruction Book** Class 3 Machines (PDF, 19.3 MB or archive.org)

Burroughs Adding Machine Company, Detroit

1927

32 page stapled booklet

190mm × 254mm

Form 3714

This booklet is a training manual for how to repair and service the class 3 Burroughs adding machine. The staples have been removed and the pages perforated so they could be stored in a binder. It is in very poor condition, especially the cover page, but complete.

**Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator** (PDF, 10.8 MB or archive.org)

Burroughs Adding Machine Company

Copyright 1928

31 page stapled booklet

213mm × 273mm × 3mm

Form 1-78-5

This booklet is a manual for the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, as well as a few other things such as prorating and lumber calculations. The code on the back cover suggests that it was printed in November 1928.

**Instructions for Operating the Burroughs Calculator** (PDF, 26.0 MB or archive.org)

Burroughs Adding Machine Company

Copyright 1943

36 page stapled booklet

213mm × 273mm × 3mm

Form C 2027

This is the 1943 edition of the instruction manual above. It has expanded a little to include a nice overview of all versions of the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, and briefly mentions how to use the Duplex calculator. The code on the back cover suggests that it was printed in March 1945.

**Instructions pour utiliser la Burroughs Calculator** (PDF, 19.4 MB or archive.org)

Société Anonyme Burroughs

Copyright 1929

31 page stapled booklet

218mm × 274mm × 3mm

This booklet is the French version of the manual for the Burroughs Calculator. It explains how to do the four basic arithmetic operations, calculate interest, reciprocals, and percentages.

**Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator**

Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Copyright 1929

254 page comb bound book

222mm × 288mm × 22mm

Form 505

This is a course book for the Burroughs Calculator. It is very similar to Felt &
Tarrant's *The Comptometer Course in Business Arithmetic* in size and scope, and
also opens vertically. The pages with exam questions are perforated, allowing them to
be removed and handed in for marking. It has 254 pages covering 226 lessons.

Although its copyright year is 1929, it seems that the pages listing the
available calculator models are from about 1934-1936.

**Answer Book to Manual of Instruction for Burroughs Calculator** (PDF, 27.3 MB or archive.org)

Burroughs Adding Machine Company; Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A.

Printed May 1941

40 page stapled book

214mm × 278mm × 3mm

This book contains the answers for all the lessons in the Manual of Instruction for the Burroughs Calculator above. It has no copyright year, but according to the code number on the back cover it was printed in May 1941. The original owner has written their name ("Ruth Royer") on the front and on the side.

**Practice Problems and Calculation Short Cuts** Burroughs Electric Two-Total Calculator

Burroughs Corporation; Detroit, Michigan

Printed April 1954

72 page comb-bound book

219mm × 280mm × 5mm

This book consists of two parts - 16 pages with Practice problems, followed by 50 pages of calculation short cuts. There are a few pages with adverts in between.

Like Felt & Tarrant, Burroughs also printed several small tables to help the operator with common calculations. Such tables were usually printed on thick cardboard for durability.

**Calculating Short Cuts** (PDF, 11.7 MB)

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

1940?

12 page stapled booklet

219mm × 242mm × 3mm

This booklet opens vertically, and contains a set of tables for use with the calculator. These tables were also available separately on cardboard. There is no copyright year, but on the corner of the first page someone has pencilled the date 5/4/40, so presumably it was first acquired then, although it may well have been printed 10 years earlier. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs Adding Machine Company.

**Decimal Equivalent Tables** for Calculator Machine Operators

Burroughs Calculator Division, Burroughs Adding Machine Company

1944

54 page ringbound book

225mm × 279mm × 10mm

This is a ringbound collection of tables. The size, colour, and thickness of the
cardboard varies - some are on thick yellow cardboard while others are on sturdy
white paper; some fold out, while others are half the size of the cover. Some
also have additional perforations different to that used by the ring binding.
It is clear that most of these tables were available separately. The cover is
quite badly torn, because it is much thinner paper than that of most of the tables
themselves, and it has the name "Nellie Erhardt" written on it.

Included is an envelope containing some narrow tables that fit in the area
to the left of the keyboard of the calculator, as well as a divider strip to
split the keyboard into two regions.

Here is a list of all the tables in this collection with their form numbers:

C 1019 Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gallon (for on keyboard)

C 1021 Net Amount after Discounts

C 1022 Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gross

C 1023 Reciprocals, or Multiplying Equivalents for Dividing

C 1025 Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions (for on keyboard)

C 1027 Computing Interest, 360 days per year

C 1028 Turnover Table

C 1030 Chain Discounts

C 1031 Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions

C 1032 Mark-up Table

C 1033 Months and Days Expressed in Decimal Equivalents of a Year, 360 days per year

C 1034 Grain Tables - Reducing Pounds to Decimal Parts of a Bushel

C 1035 Payroll Tale

C 1036 Reciprocals of hours

C 1037 Overtime Earnings Table

C 1048 Decimal Equivalents of 12ths, 24ths, 48ths; 13ths, 26ths, 52nds.

C 1049 Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions (for on keyboard)

C 1050 Calculator Column Divider

C 1051 Oats - Prices per Cwt.

C 1052 Unit Cost and Seling Price Tables

C 1054 Daily Overtime Earnings Table

C 1059 Decimal Equivalents for Fractional Parts of a Gross Ton

C 1063 Lumber Table

C 1071 Corn, Rye, or Flax - Prices per Cwt.

C 1072 Wheat - Prices per Cwt.

C 1073 Computing Interest, 365 days per year

C 1078 Overtime Earnings Table

C 1081 Decimal of a Pound Sterling for Shillings and Pence

**Decimal Equivalent Charts**

Burroughs Adding Machine Company

1948

Envelope with loose tables

282mm × 223mm × 6mm

This envelope contains a collection of loose tables. The size of the tables varies - some are so large that they fold out. Some also have perforations for storing in a binder. It is clear that most of these tables were available separately. The envelope has the name "Nola McKenzie" written on it.

Here is a list of all the tables in this collection with their form numbers:

C 4051 Fixed Decimal Point Multiplication

C 4052 Discount

C 4053 Mixed Item Extensions Requiring Division

C 1022 Decimal Equivalents of Fractional Parts of a Gross

C 1031 Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions

C 1034 Grain Tables - Reducing Pounds to Decimal Parts of a Bushel

C 1037 Overtime Earnings Table

C 1048 Decimal Equivalents of 12ths, 24ths, 48ths; 13ths, 26ths, 52nds.

C 1051 Oats - Prices per Cwt.

C 1063 Lumber Table

C 1071 Corn, Rye, or Flax - Prices per Cwt.

C 1072 Wheat - Prices per Cwt.

C 1078 Overtime Earnings Table

C 1118 Reciprocals of Hours in Tenths of Hours

C 1147 Withholding Tax Table - Biweekly, Monthly

C 1146 Withholding Tax Table - Weekly, Semimonthly

TA 1041 Temperature Correlation Table for Petroleum Oils

**Decimal Equivalents of Common Fractions** A useful chart issued for the convenience of operators of Burroughs Calculators.

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

Form 3853-1

1929

216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 1.29 after the form number suggests it was printed in January 1929. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

**Decimal Equivalents of a Gross**

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

Form 3853-3

1925

216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 12.25 after the form number suggests it was printed in December 1925. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

**Pence and 1/8 and 1/16 as Decimals of a £**

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

Form 3853-10

1925

216mm × 229mm

**Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of One Cwt.**

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

Form 3853-6

1925

216mm × 229mm

**Quarters and Pounds as Decimal Equivalents of a Ton**

Burroughs Adding Machine Ltd.

Form 3853-4

1926

216mm × 229mm

This card has no copyright year, but the 10.26 after the form number suggests it was printed in October 1926. It was produced by the British branch of the Burroughs company.

**Comptometer Course**

By Madge Warner

Published by Wilson's Modern Business College, 2003 Fifth Avenue, Seattle, Washington.

Copyright 1937

58 page staple bound book

228mm × 288mm × 8mm

As the Burroughs Calculator and the Comptometer are so similar, there were many third party
course books such as this one that deal with both at the same time. It is similar to the
Manual of Instruction course book above, also opens vertically,
but is printed on only one side. It has 54 pages covering 51 lessons, but there are also 4
loose pages inserted at the back covering lesson 117.

The front of this course book has been signed with the student's name, Eileen Powell.

**How to Use the Calculator and the Comptometer** (PDF, 50.1 MB or archive.org)

By James R. Meehan

Published by Gregg Publishing Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc.

Copyright 1940, 1947, 1952

Third Edition

128 page stapled book

217mm × 280mm × 7mm

This is another course book for both the Comptometer and the Burroughs Calculator. It consists of 40 lessons, with an emphasis on addition, but also covers subtraction, multiplication and division. Its pages have perforations, so that when the answers to an exercise are filled in, it can be torn out and handed in to the teacher. This may make this book somewhat rare to find despite having been very widely used. There were five editions - 1940, 1947, 1952 (shown here), 1959, and 1964.

**Key-Driven Calculator Course**

By Raymond Charles Goodfellow and Peter Lawrence Agnew

Published by South-Western Publishing Company

Copyright 1942

Second Edition

167 page book

213mm × 272mm × 9mm

This is also a course book for both the Comptometer and the Burroughs Calculator, and it contains 59 jobs. As with Meehan's book above, its pages are designed to be filled in and torn out as they have perforations near the spine, and this may make it somewhat rare to find this book intact. Shown here is the second edition from 1942, but the 1949 third edition follows below.

**Key-Driven Calculator Course** for the Burroughs Calculator and Comptometer

By Raymond Charles Goodfellow and Peter Lawrence Agnew

Published by South-Western Publishing Company

Copyright 1949

Third Edition

158 page ringbound book

281mm × 210mm × 8mm

This third edition has virtually the same contents as the second edition above, but it is laid out differently because the book is now spiral bound and of a different format. Each page page has a vertical perforation at about one third of the way along. The inner third of the page contains an explanation of a job, and the detachable two-thirds has the job itself with spaces where the answers can be filled in. There was a fourth edition of this book in 1962, and also a sequel, the "Advanced Key-Driven Calculator Course" by Peter Lawrence Agnew and Mary Margaret Brady in 1958.

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